Animal husbandry

Essential to the provision of products such as meat, milk and eggs, there has been considerable pressure on the number of livestock with increasing demand from the local population and huge volumes of imported goods. The recent reforms in government policies have provided a solid foundation for the expansion and amelioration of conditions on farms.

  • In 2013, a 41% growth in the numbers of cattle, a 50% growth in the number of sheep and goats, and a 67% growth in poultry numbers was observed compared to the year 2000.
  • The efforts to privatise and create greater opportunities for local farmers was key to stimulating the development of this sector and the significant achievements in the agricultural economy have since provided a sound base for future innovation and development.
  • Favourable conditions for investment, such as preferential terms for the purchase of pedigree cattle, no import duty, and no weighted VAT for agricultural equipment and other incentives allow the production of competitive products at prices lower than imports.

Cattle and poultry products

2010

2011

2012

2013

Production (tonnes)

253 772

263 692

285 636

297 916

Import (tonnes)

36 019

38 731

26 511

27 557

Export (tonnes)

1 519

1 290

1 853

1 581

Eggs

2010

2011

2012

2013

Production (thsd. units)

1 178 586

1 010 997

1 226 711

1 401 473

Import (thsd. units)

25 734

294 895

53 900

47 354

Export (thsd. units)

666

0

5 212

605

Source: State Statistics Committee