Wind power

Wind power is the more preferable energy source than solar, hydro, geothermal and biomass for its cost, environmental soundness and unlimited availability. Practice shows that many of regions in Azerbaijan have great perspective for application of wind power facilities. Calculations suggest that the Republic of Azerbaijan has about 800 MW annual wind power capacities due to its geographical location, nature and economic infrastructure. This reserve means 2.4 billion kWh of electricity, according to rough calculations. This would imply the saving up 1 million tons of conditional fuel, more importantly, prevention of emitting large quantity of wastes including ozone cracking carbon dioxide. Long-term surveys have determined that convenient windy condition prevails in Absheron Peninsula, Caspian seashore and islands in the north-west of Caspian basin. It is feasible to use medium capacity wind power facilities in Ganja-Dahskesen zone and Sharur-Julfa area of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic because the annual average speed of wind in those regions is 3-5 m/sec. Japanese company Tomen, together with Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Energy and Power Design Institute, had installed two wind towers of 30 m and 40 m heights and determined that annual average wind speed is 7.9-8.1 m/sec in Absheron. The company had also prepared a Feasibility Study for installment of 30 MW wind power plant in Gobustan region. Assessment of Azerbaijan's renewable energy sources have been conducted in 2002 and it was determined that Absheron Peninsula has large-scale wind power capacity. The average speed of longlasting wind is more than 6 m/sec which shows the convenient technical-economic potential for using wind power. Based on conducted researches, the presented indicators on Gobustan area 3 have been included into 4th class of wind energy potential, which is considered as a high potential.