Solar power

The climate condition of Azerbaijan opens great opportunities for production of electric and heat energy using solar power. The annual number of sunshine hours in USA and Central Asia is 2500-3000 hours, 500-2000 hours in Russia and 2400-3200 hours in Azerbaijan. Development of solar power can partially solve energy problem in many regions of Azerbaijan. Several developed countries have recently started to widely apply Photovoltaic Program (PVP). Involvement of Azerbaijan in this Program can have important role in application of such type of energy systems. It should be noted that the efficiency of solar stations depends on country's natural climate condition and geographical location. The solar power that comes down to earth totals 1500-2000 kWh/m2 annually in USA, 800-1600 kWh/m2 in Russia, 1200-1400 kWh/m2 in France, 1800-2000 kWh/m2 in China and 1500-2000 kWh/m2 in Azerbaijan. It is obviously clear that the quantity of solar rays in Azerbaijan prevails in comparison with other countries, which might be regarded as one of the efficiency factors for attracting investments to utilization of solar power.