Rapid development of industry, agriculture and social service in the Republic of Azerbaijan opens new opportunities for electricity generation from biomass. The sources of bio substances in the country include followings:
* combustive industrial wastes;
* wastes of forestry and wood-working;
* agricultural and organic wastes;
* domestic and communal wastes;
* wastes processed from areas polluted with oil and petroleum products.
Studies suggest that much of composition of production wastes in all industrial sites is biomass substances. It is feasible to produce biogas, bio-liquid and solid biosubstance that can be used for electricity generation. More than 2.0 million tons of solid domestic and production wastes are annually thrown to waste treatment sites in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Utilization (processing) of solid domestic and production wastes would partially resolve the problems in heating public buildings in Baku and other large industrial cities.
Many of European countries have already found the ways to solve these problems. That is, waste combustion plants are built in densely populated areas and domestic wastes are fired in those plants. The nearby residential settlements are then provided with electricity and heat at the expense of energy produced from waste combustion. The remains of fired wastes are widely used as a manure to increase fertility of soil. Therefore, construction of such plants having complex importance would be significant for Azerbaijan, too.